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Biodiversity or Biological Diversity a sum of all the different species of animals, plants, fungi, and microbial organisms are living on Earth and the variety of habitats in which they live. Scientists estimate that upwards of 10 million and some suggest more than 100 million different species inhabit the Earth. Each species is adapted to its unique niche in the environment, from the peaks of mountains to the depths of deep-sea hydrothermal vents, and from polar ice caps to tropical rain forests.

However, plant and animal species are disappearing from the earth at an alarming rate, and many scientists believe that human activities are largely responsible.

Biodiversity-the biological variety that thrives in a healthy ecosystem became the focus of intense international concern during the 1990s.

With such a large number of species and the grave danger facing, there is a growing demand for people for biodiversity conservation.

This book gives detailed guidelines for biodiversity conservation. It gives a detailed account of reforestation strategies and practices. It covers ex and in situ conservation practices, helps develop and promote ecotourism.