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With the rapid growth of high-tech industries such as automotive, aerospace and biotech, there came an increase in the use of materials like titanium and Inconel alloy which are known for their lightweight and high hardness. Difficult-to-cut materials like these are tough to cut accurately and fail to meet the dimensions desired, thus compromising in their mechanical and chemical characteristics. This leads to the early failures of tools, reducing their life and productivity. There is a huge amount of research being done in this field, but due to the vast variety of these materials, classification is difficult and complex. Nonetheless, learning more about processing these materials is crucial, due to the fast development of the high-tech industry.

This book covers wide-ranging information relevant to machining, measurement, materials, job planning, benchwork, layout, drill press, turning, milling, and grinding. The advancements over the history of machining accuracy are presented and its probable future is discussed, with the use of micro and nanotechnology. “Mirror machining” at single points of soft materials and ultraprecision of hard and brittle substances is also elaborated upon.

Additive manufacturing processes have led to a rapid progression in composite manufacturing technology like manual deposition and fabricating using automatic deposition and consolidation. Additive manufacturing (AM) finds its use in producing complex structures from models, with very little wastage. It also uses the directional stiffness that composites display, to optimize the processes. But, the complexity and utility of these machines come with a high price and there is a huge barrier for small and medium scale industries. Thus, the study and development of new systems for the deposition and consolidation of continuous fibers in a thermoplastic matrix is a prevalent problem that researchers are working on. Advanced graduate students, practitioners, researchers, and professionals associated with modern manufacturing engineering will find this book a valued tool.