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The agriculture sector is the backbone of an economy which provides the basic ingredients to mankind and now raw material for industrialization. Agricultural sector plays a strategic role in the process of economic development of a country. It has already made a significant contribution to the economic prosperity of advanced countries and its role in the economic development of less developed countries is of vital importance. Due to heavy pressure of population in underdeveloped and developing countries and its rapid increase, the demand for food is increasing at a fast rate. If agriculture fails to meet the rising demand of food products, it is found to affect adversely the growth rate of the economy. Raising supply of food by agricultural sector has, therefore, great importance for economic growth of a country. The role of Agricultural production is not only to provide the food needed to feed the rapidly growing population, but also to provide the money and materials needed for industrialization and for bringing the country into the industrial and technical age. In order to fulfill this action, the agricultural system needs to be reorganized and new techniques of production have to be introduced, such as the use of more efficient implements, improved seed varieties and fertilizers.

This book “Fundamentals Of Agriculture” covers key areas in agricultural science, including crop improvement, production, response to water, nutrients, and temperature, crop protection, agriculture and human health, and much more. This interdisciplinary approach can result in holistic description of processes which should lead to improvement of the efficiency of obtaining the raw materials to ensure a sufficient amount of food, safe for human health. The reader can find some basic as well, as more particular aspects of the contemporary agriculture, with the soil characteristics and treatment, plant growth and agricultural products’ properties and processing.

This book is a valuable addition to the existing knowledge and is especially intended for university students and all professionals in the field of agriculture.