Conservation biology is now a rigorous scientific discipline over three decades ago due to growing concern among professionals about the global extinction of biodiversity, the depletion of natural genetic diversity and the degradation of habitats and ecosystems. Humankind is part of the natural world, and the world of nature is of interest to human heritage. The well-being of all generations to come is the social responsibility of present generations, which is why the life of an organism requires the survival of the organism. Today’s threats to biodiversity and habitats are the greatest documented in recent history, and nearly all of them are caused by human mismanagement of biological resources, often exacerbated by wrong economic policies and weak institutions.

This book discusses the emergence and importance of the concept of biodiversity and the history of conservation biology. In this book, you will learn how humans are causing loss of biodiversity and what efforts are being made or need to be made to protect and conserve biodiversity. This seeks to understand the discussion and the theoretical sense in which the idea of biodiversity has been conceived, to conceive of the variety of forms in which life presents and organizes itself. This deals with understanding how scientific research, artistic interest and ethical concerns converge to ensure the survival of nature and, more importantly, the protection of biodiversity, habitats and gene pools.

The book deals with the development of the idea of biodiversity and the emergence of conservation biology as a biology sub-discipline. It describes the relationship between conservation biology and activism that is developing to support the conservation of biodiversity. Biodiversity-ecosystem services are preserved by soil formation and protection, conservation and purification of water, maintenance of hydrological cycles, control of biochemical cycles, uptake and breakdown of pollutants and waste materials by decomposition, perseverance and legislation of natural environment in the world. Despite the advantages of biodiversity, today’s threats to species and ecosystems are increasing at an alarming rate daily, and virtually all of them are caused by poor human management of biological resources, often stimulated by irresponsible economic policies, pollution and failing institutions in addition to climate change.