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Wavelet analysis is an exciting new method for solving difficult problems in mathematics, physics, and engineering, with modern applications as diverse as wave propagation, data compression, signal processing, image processing, pattern recognition, computer graphics, the detection of aircraft and submarines and other medical image technology. Wavelets allow complex information such as music, speech, images and patterns to be decomposed into elementary forms at different positions and scales and subsequently reconstructed with high precision. The main advantages of wavelet methods over traditional Fourier methods are the use of localized basis functions and the faster computation speed. Localized basis functions are ideal for analyzing real physical situations in which a signal contains discontinuities and sharp spikes. One of the main advantages of wavelets is that they offer a simultaneous localization in time and frequency domain. The second main advantage of wavelets is that, using fast wavelet transform, it is computationally very fast. Wavelets have the great advantage of being able to separate the fine details in a signal. Very small wavelets can be used to isolate very fine details in a signal, while very large wavelets can identify coarse details. A wavelet transform can be used to decompose a signal into component wavelets.

Wavelet Transforms and Their Recent Applications in Biology and Geoscience emphasize on the logical development of fundamental ideas and systematic treatment of wavelet analysis and its applications to a wide variety of problems as encountered in Biology and Geoscience. It is a valuable tool for practitioners and professionals.