The tourism industry is frequently cited as the largest industry in the world, accounting for 10% of the world’s GDP. Tourism is a separate area of activity and a fragment of vital importance in the economic and social life of the majority of countries in the world. The importance of tourism derives from the many benefits and advantages that it brings to any host country. The tourism phenomenon is a particularly complex one. It has implications for the social, political, cultural and economic spheres of activity. However, the real importance of tourism stems from its nature and how it is defined and structured. Tourism contributes to the complete growth and development of a country by helping to build a country’s brand value, image and identity. The tourism industry goes beyond attractive destinations to be an important contributor to economic growth. Tourism is also considered to be an export activity and is unique in that consumers come to the product where it is consumed on-site. The hospitality industry can probably be described as one of the world’s leading commercial enterprises. It is part of a larger business initiative-the tourism industry.

Serving customers well is the primary goal of hospitality businesses, which should focus on creating high-quality environments and services and hiring excellent staff who treat customers with warmth, sympathy and professionalism. This industry provides a range of services ranging from travel arrangements, accommodation facilities, food & beverages to leisure activities, i.e., all the requirements of modern-day travelers who may be traveling for business, pleasure, vacation, adventure, religious or medical treatment. This industry is one of the largest and fastest-growing industries in the world and is affected by economic ups and downs.

This book gives an overview of the structure and scope of the travel/tourism and hospitality industries. The book examines the elements of the tourism industry: transport, accommodation, food and beverage, and attractions. Other topics include the history, political, social and cultural impacts of tourism on local, state and global environments. Readers will learn how tourism adds economic and non-economic value to a country and why it is so important to every country, why every country sees tourism not just as attractive to tourists, but as a platform that promotes economic growth and complete development. Why is it now gaining recognition and importance as an indicator and a barometer not only of growth and development but also of social and economic factors? Readers will also know how tourism plays such an important role in countries, economies, and how important it is for large-scale growth and development.