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The process of estimating a Mineral Resource can only take place after the estimator is convinced of the soundness of the fundamentals underlying the estimation process. Thus the database of sampling, density, and other quality data for both estimation and geological interpretation must have integrity and robustness ; the geological data must be sufficiently complete for the definition of a geological model; the geological model itself must have internal consistency, should explain the observed arrangement of lithological and mineralogical domains, and should represent the estimator’s best knowledge of the genesis of the mineral deposit; and the geological model should support the distribution of mineralisation seen in the sampling. It is only at this stage that a resource model may be generated.