Fish play an important role in the balance of life on which we depend. Fish are essential to life in the world’s oceans. Fishery is an entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish which is determined by some authority to be a fishery. Fisheries have occupied an important place in the economic structure of many countries throughout history. Fisheries future explains the method in new advancements of fisheries science. The ocean plays a vital role in the global economy by providing food and a source of income for millions of people. More than 50 million people work in the fishing and aquaculture sector, many in small-scale fisheries that are critical to the economies of their communities. More than three billion people, many of whom live in the poorest and least developed countries, rely on food from the ocean as a significant source of protein, highlighting the role of marine species in food security worldwide.

This book covers the novel and current scientific studies taking place across universities and research centers in various parts of the world in the areas of fisheries science, fishing technology, fisheries management and relevant socio-economics. It highlights the main freshwater fishes and the major fisheries of the Nile River basin. The ecological status of the Nile fisheries and their economic importance to populations living in the countries of the Nile basin are also reviewed. It also describes some of the major Pan-Arctic fisheries, the stock assessment methods applied to assess them and how the fisheries might change with climate warming and further development of the northern regions. This book is intended for fisheries scientists, biological oceanographers, gear technologists, economists, managers, administrators, policy makers and legislator.