The need to market improved human-environment interactions through position is ever-pressing, which applies to terrestrial, marine, aquatic, and aerial environments in each rural and concrete environment. several people, native communities, environmental teams, and governments around the world area unit taking and promoting actions to steward the atmosphere.

This book presents the state of the art concepts in environmental management, including supervisory and policy formulating issues that relate to the management of the environment, international organizations, and legislation. The book starts with an overview of past and ongoing experiences dealing with environmental management at the cluster level. This is mostly due to lack of awareness of the environmental impacts of their own activities, ignorance of environmental legislation, inability to tackle their environmental impacts, and sometimes the excessive administrative and financial burden of compliance.

There have been increasing attention to and investment in native environmental billet in conservation and environmental management policies and programs globally. Yet environmental stewardship has not received adequate conceptual attention. Here, in this book, we discuss potential interventions and leverage points for promoting or supporting local stewardship and future applications of the framework to guide descriptive, evaluative, prescriptive or systematic analysis of environmental stewardship. Environmental management problems involve facts as well as values. It is not only a question of being able to predict the outcomes of different actions, but we also need to decide whether the outcomes are good or bad. Operations research embraces an arsenal of tools to predict or optimize the environmental consequences of human action as discussed in this work. Further, the book delves into the need, the challenge, and the opportunity of double-loop learning in adaptive management; protected area co-management and perceived livelihood impacts; natural resource management schemes; and building capacity for evidence synthesis in environmental management are also emphasized. It takes a comprehensive look at how to overcome the challenges of water, waste and climate change in Asian cities. It also examines the adaptation design tool for climate-smart management of coral reefs and other natural resources. Next, a study on conventional and new ways of governing forest threats is emphasized. This book will be of interest to students and practitioners giving information on regulations, pollutants, and waste management practices.