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Vision Sensors/Machine Vision Systems analyze images to perform appearance inspections, character inspections, positioning, and defect inspections. Vision sensors are products consisting of a video camera, display and interface, and computer processor to automate industrial processes and decisions. These are commonly used for measurement, pass/fail decisions, and other observable characteristics relating to product quality. When the camera has an integral processor, it is called a smart camera. Edge detection is an image processing technique for finding the boundaries of objects within images. It works by detecting discontinuities in brightness. Edge detection is used for image segmentation and data extraction in areas such as image processing, computer vision, and machine vision.

Vision Sensors and Edge Detection provides a comprehensive overview of recent developments within the area of vision sensors and edge detection. It emphasizes on vision sensors with applications to panoramic vision sensors, wireless vision sensors, and automated vision sensor inspection, and image processing techniques.